College Board develops SAT test content based on research and collaboration with higher education professionals.
Creating Test Content
Test Development Committees, which are made up of experienced educators and subject-matter experts, decide on test specifications (types of questions, topics, and areas to cover). Then, test developers write the questions.
Reviewing Test Content
Committees of high school and college instructors review every question to ensure that each one meets these criteria:
- It measures important knowledge, skills, and understanding.
- It's fair to all students.
- It's written in a way that models what students are learning in the best high school classrooms.
Twelve or more professional test developers and educators review every SAT question.
Key Development Steps
After SAT questions are written to specification, they go through development steps including these:
- Review of questions for content
- Review of questions for fairness
- Pretest of questions with students
- Analysis of tryout results
- Assembly and review of draft version of test
- Outside faculty review
- Policy committee review
- Statistical analysis after test administration
SAT Suite of Assessments Fairness Standards and Process
This guide reviews the fairness standards and processes used in the design and development of the SAT Suite of Assessments.
Test Specifications for the SAT
These specifications include evidentiary foundations for design, as well as sample questions.
SAT Suite of Assessments Technical Manual
This document outlines the characteristics of the SAT.
Technical Manual Appendix, Part 1
This part of the appendix includes sections on fairness, development procedures, requirements, interpreting results, and psychometrics.
Technical Manual Appendix, Part 2
This part of the appendix includes more psychometrics and a section on validity.