Interpreting SAT Scores

Help your students learn how to interpret their SAT score and find out what the numbers mean.

SAT Score Structure

  • Total SAT score: 400–1600
  • Reading and Writing Section: 200–800
  • Math Section: 200–800
  • SAT Essay (for some state-provided testing): Three scores ranging from 2–8
SAT Score Reported Details Score Range
Total score Sum of the 2 section scores 400–1600
Section scores (2) Reading and Writing, and Math. 200–800
SAT Essay scores (3) Reading, Analysis, and Writing. 2–8

Putting Scores into Perspective

The official score report PDF, labeled "Your Score Report," provides substantial feedback that you can review with your students. Mean scores, score ranges, and percentiles can help your students put their scores in perspective. Knowledge and skills performance can help identify strengths and weaknesses and let you and your student see what skills need more practice.

What the Numbers Mean

Score ranges, benchmarks, mean (average) score comparisons, and percentiles can be used to see if your students are on track for college readiness.

Score Ranges

Score ranges, mean (average) score comparisons, and percentiles can be used to see if your students are on track for college readiness.

Score Ranges

Score ranges show how much a student's score might change with repeated testing, assuming their skill level remains the same.

Usually, section scores for Reading and Writing and for Math fall in a range of roughly 30 to 40 points above or below their true ability. Colleges know this, and they receive the score ranges along with scores to consider that single snapshot in context.

Mean (Average) Score Comparisons

Score information online shows you the mean, or average, scores earned by typical test takers per grade. You can view the mean scores of testers at the student's school, district, state, country, and/or testers worldwide (as applicable). Unless a score is much lower than average, your students are developing the kinds of reading, writing and language, and math skills they'll need in college.

Percentile Ranks

A percentile rank is a number between one and 99 that shows how your students scored compared to other students. It represents the percentage of students whose scores fall at or below their score. For example, a test taker in the 57th percentile scored higher than or equal to 57% of test takers.

Other Insights Available on the K–12 Score Reporting Portal

College and Career Readiness Benchmarks

The SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmarks reflect benchmark scores for both the Reading and Writing section and the Math section. Students whose scores meet each section's benchmarks are considered college and career ready. That means if a score is at or above the benchmark, they're on track to be ready for college after high school.

Though not included on the PDF score report, educators will see benchmark information for their students and can share it to help determine which skills need the most improvement. As always, students may already have, or choose to create, a personal College Board account to access their score information and additional insights such as the benchmarks.

Additional Score Comparisons

You'll see up to four percentiles:

  1. The Nationally Representative Sample percentile (available in the K–12 Student Roster only) compares your students' scores to the scores of typical 11th- and 12th-grade U.S. students.
  2. The All Tester Percentile compares their scores to the actual scores of all recent graduates (worldwide) who took the SAT during high school.
  3. The Country Percentile compares their scores to the actual scores of recent graduates in the student's country who took the SAT during high school.
  4. The State Percentile compares their scores to the actual scores of recent graduates in the student's state who took the SAT during high school. This is available to U.S. testers only.

More About Knowledge and Skills

The K–12 score reporting portal lets educators access the Skills Insight™ tool to see how students in different score bands compare to a given student's performance in each of the eight content areas shown on the PDF score report. Educators will see skills and example questions that students in adjacent score bands are typically able to demonstrate, along with the kinds of questions that these students are likely able to answer correctly. They can navigate up and down the seven different score bands to gather insights into how a student did in each area.

Retaking the SAT Takes Practice

As you and your students learn more about scores, let them know that many students take the SAT for the first time in the spring of their junior year and again in the fall of their senior year. Students usually do better the second time. Students can access practice tools at Practice and Preparation.




Learn how benchmarks work together to help students and educators assess student progress toward college readiness from year to year.